You cannot see this page without javascript. Are the words "each," "every," and "any" singular or plural? Which verb form should we use with them in the present simple? What about the word "some"? Never confuse these subjects and their verbs again! Everyone needs (or is it "need"?) to check this grammar lesson out. Don't forget to check your understanding with the quiz: TRANSCRIPT Hi, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on subject/verb agreement. And today, we're going to look at subject/verb agreement as it relates to pronouns, such as: each one, anyone, someone, etc. Okay? Now, the most important thing to know about these subjects -- and again, you have the whole list here. You have: each, everyone, every one, everybody, anyone, anybody, someone, somebody. These are all singular subjects. So even though you have a word like "someone" -- you see the word "some"; you think it's plural -- focus on the "one", "some one", "some body". This means he or she, okay? So if you have words like these -- pronouns like these as your subject, the verb you use must also match them. It must be a singular verb -- basically, a third person verb. Okay? So they all require singular verbs. So here's what we're going to do. We're going to look at some example sentences, and I want you to identify, No. 1, the pronouns that we have discussed, and No. 2, the verb and what form the verb is taking. Okay? So the first sentence says, "Each of the students is responsible." Okay. First, we identify "each", okay? And we're talking about the students. Now, again, don't become confused by the plural of "students". You're thinking, "Students are 'they', so we say 'students are.'" The focus is on "each of the students", so this individual student, that individual student, you as an individual student, he, she, he, she, he, she. So your verb must be singular, which is why we say, "Each of the students is, not each of the students are," okay? The next one, "Everybody loves the Beatles!" This is an opinion, of course. Maybe you share it; maybe you don't. And here we have the subject, "everybody". And again, you're thinking as everybody as a group, but really, you're talking, again, "every body" -- if you take the word apart, you have "every body", every individual person loves. So the verb is not "love", but "loves". He loves. She loves. Okay? Next, "Do you know anyone who has a PS4?" So you have "anyone". And again, "anyone" -- you're talking about individuals, okay, which is why we have the verb "has" and not "have". "Anyone who has." So again, we say "he has" or "she has", not "he have" or "she have". Okay? The next sentence, "I haven't met anybody who thinks like you." So here, we have "anybody" -- "I have not met anybody" -- and again, we don't say "who think like you". It's third person. It's singular. So the verb is "thinks". So "he thinks, "she thinks", and not "anybody" as in, like, a collective group, but as an individual, okay? All right. The next two. These ones confuse people sometimes just because you see the word "some". And again, we know "some" has a plural meaning. However, look at the complete word. It's "some one" or "some body". And again, think of "body" as an individual, okay? So, "Someone needs to help us." So you have "someone", and the singular verb is "needs". "Someone needs", not "someone need". And finally, we have, "Somebody is waiting for you downstairs." So you're giving news to someone, and you're saying that they are waiting for you downstairs. So we have "somebody". And again, here we have a present continuous sentence. However, the first verb, the auxiliary verb, is the verb "to be" -- "is". We don't say "somebody are" just because you see the word "some". We focus on the "body", basically, the individual, okay? Okay, guys. So again, be careful when you see these words. Just always be aware. Basically, you're using the word "has". You're using the verb "is" or "isn't" or "hasn't" if we're talking about "has". If you're using present simple sentences, you're adding the S, okay, at the ends of the verbs after these pronouns. So again, when you see: each, everyone, every one, everybody, anyone, anybody, someone, or somebody, they all require a singular verb because they are all singular subjects. And one quick point before I finish, the difference between "everyone" and "every one" -- "everyone" refers to the whole group, and "every one" refers to every individual, okay, as a separate entity, essentially. Okay, guys. If you would like to test your understanding of this material, as always, you can check out the quiz on Take care.

원문출처 :
엮인글 :

댓글 '1'


2014.02.06 10:35:32


문서 첨부 제한 : 0Byte/ 10.00MB
파일 크기 제한 : 50.00MB (허용 확장자 : *.*)
List of Articles
번호 제목 글쓴이 조회 수 날짜
87 English Grammar - 'try to do' or 'try doing'? chanyi 297 2014-03-08
86 English Grammar - Past Simple and Present Perfect chanyi 344 2014-02-23
85 English Grammar - Past tense of 'should' - 'I should have', 'You shouldn't have'. chanyi 531 2014-02-23
84 Conditionals - English Grammar Lesson chanyi 137 2014-02-13
83 Conditionals -- second and third conditionals chanyi 281 2014-02-08
82 English Grammar - PASSIVE chanyi 195 2014-02-03
81 English Grammar - COULD and SHOULD chanyi 482 2014-02-01
80 English Grammar - How Often? - ALWAYS, USUALLY, OFTEN, SOMETIMES, NEVER chanyi 924 2014-02-01
79 Lesson 2f - Conditionals - English Grammar chanyi 216 2014-02-01
» English Grammar: Subject-Verb Agreement with EACH, EVERY, ANY, SOME [1] sohee1004 830 2014-01-28
77 English Grammar - Tag Questions chanyi 244 2014-01-27
76 Lesson 2e - Conditionals - English Grammar chanyi 217 2014-01-27
75 Lesson 3c - Prepositions - English Grammar chanyi 289 2014-01-27
74 'I stopped smoking' or 'I stopped to smoke'? chanyi 322 2014-01-27
73 Lesson 3b - Prepositions - English Grammar chanyi 208 2014-01-24
72 Grammar for Beginners - Making Questions with 'To Be' chanyi 523 2014-01-24
71 Prepositions in English - on time or in time? chanyi 228 2014-01-23
70 English Grammar - UNLESS and IF NOT - negative conditional chanyi 1058 2014-01-22
69 English Grammar - How to compare: 'as cold as ice' chanyi 302 2014-01-22
68 English Grammar - 'I used to and 'I'm used to' chanyi 200 2014-01-21
본 사이트에서는 회원분들의 게시된 이메일 주소가 무단으로 수집되는 것을 거부합니다. 게시된 정보 및 게시물의 저작권과 기타 법적 책임은 자료제공자에게 있습니다. 이메일 / 네이트온 Copyright © 2001 - 2019 All Right Reserved.
커뮤니티학생의방new comment교사의 방일반영어진로와 진학영어회화