You cannot see this page without javascript.

"I'm about to go study" or "I'm not about to go study"? What do these sentences mean? How do we use about, about to, and not about to in English? You are about to watch a vocabulary lesson in which I will explain the difference between these expressions with many examples. You'll also hear the Canadian pronunciation of "about" that many people find funny! Take the quiz on this lesson here:

Hi there. My name is Emma, and today's video is about the word "about". So before I begin, well it's also -- sorry --, it's about "about", "about to", and "not about to". So we're going to look at what "about" means, what "about to" means, and what "not about to" means; they have different meanings. 
But before I begin talking about the grammar and what these expressions mean, I just want to say that you'll notice I have a Canadian pronunciation of "about". Okay? So, if you ever hear an American make a joke about a Canadian, one of the jokes they often make is about the way Canadians say "about". For me, I don't actually hear the difference between how Americans say "about" and how Canadians say "about", but any time I go to the States, as soon as I say this word they go, "You're a Canadian." So just so you're aware: I have a Canadian pronunciation of the word "about". 
So let's get started. First I'm going to talk about the word "about", then "about to", and then "not about to". Okay, so "about". Now, there are many different meanings of the word "about", I'm just going to go through two of the most common. So these are not all the meanings, there are a lot of meanings. This is just... these are just the two most common. So I have an example sentence here: "It's about five miles to town." So this means it's close to five miles to town; it's around five miles to town. I'm not saying exactly, it's five miles. I don't know, maybe it's 5.2 miles, maybe it's 4.9 miles, but it's around five miles. I could say, "It's about three o'clock." I don't mean it's exactly three o'clock. Maybe it's 2:59, maybe it's3:05; it's close to that time. Okay? So that's the first meaning that we use very often when we want to say: "It's not exactly, but it's close to." 
The second meaning is when we want to say what the subject is, we want to know what the subject of something is. So you might ask somebody: "What's Titanic about?" So this is: -"What is the subject of the movie?" -"Well, it's about two people who fall in love on a sinking ship." 
Another example of the same idea with subject -- I love this question --, "What are you thinking about?" So I have a friend who always asks her husband this question. She looks at him and she says, "What are you thinking about?" And he's probably not thinking about anything I'm pretty sure or maybe work, and he always says to her, "Nothing. Nothing, I'm, I don't know. I'm thinking, I don't know, sports?" So my friend always asks this question hoping that he will say something very deep, maybe something romantic, maybe something sweet. But usually, I'm pretty sure he's not really thinking about much. So these are probably the two most common usages of "about". So again, "close to" and you want to know the subject. 
So now let's look at "about to". Okay, so now I'm about to talk to you about "about to". So "Be + about + to", this has its own unique meaning. So "be" is a verb, then you need "about", and don't forget this little preposition, this is important: "to". What does this mean? It means you're going to do something soon; you're very close to doing something.
So for example:
"I" -- you have your subject -- "am" -- which is the "I" form of "be" --, "I'm about to eat dinner. Can I call you when I finish?" So this means: "I haven't started dinner yet, but I'm going to eat dinner soon. Can I call you when I finish eating dinner?" Okay? So very simple meaning.

My second example:
"The movie is about to begin." So here we have "is" which is the third form of "be", "about", and "to". So we have "Be about to + a verb". "Be about to sleep.", "I'm about to sleep.", "I can't do my homework, I'm about to sleep.", "I'm about to go to class.", "I don't have time to talk because I'm about to go to class." Meaning: "I'm going to class soon." Okay? So that's "about to". 

Now, "Be not about to" actually has a different meaning. Okay? So although it's similar, you still have your "to", the only difference is this is in a negative; the meaning is different. "Be about to" has to do with determination. So, what do I mean by this? Well, here is an example: I might say, "I am not about to stop studying English because I failed a class." So this is a strong way to say... We don't write this, this is something we say in speech when we talk. You're showing the person you have determination. In this case: "I'm not about to stop studying English because I failed a class", you're showing you're not going to give up.

엮인글 :
문서 첨부 제한 : 0Byte/ 10.00MB
파일 크기 제한 : 50.00MB (허용 확장자 : *.*)
List of Articles
번호 제목 글쓴이 조회 수 날짜
120 Phrasal Verbs - 'shut' chanyi 213 2014-05-07
119 9 Homophones -- Commonly confused words in English chanyi 297 2014-04-23
118 5 great ways to improve your English! chanyi 286 2014-04-23
117 Listening Comprehension for Beginners - 'under the weather' chanyi 231 2014-04-23
116 Idioms and Phrasal Verbs - 'on' chanyi 314 2014-04-21
115 Learn English with DRUNK Justin Bieber? [1] sohee1004 883 2014-04-20
114 English Slang - Text messaging: LOL WTF BRB and more! chanyi 204 2014-04-17
113 University degrees in North America chanyi 215 2014-04-16
112 10 GET Phrasal Verbs: get down, get off, get through, get up, get away... chanyi 208 2014-04-15
» English Vocabulary - ABOUT, ABOUT TO, NOT ABOUT TO chanyi 436 2014-03-30
110 5 Phrasal Verbs with HOLD - hold on, hold against, hold in... [1] sohee1004 1200 2014-03-29
109 English Vocabulary - The difference between 'want' and 'need' chanyi 232 2014-03-28
108 English Vocabulary: 12 Internet words chanyi 452 2014-03-08
107 English Vocabulary - afraid, afraid of, scared of, fear chanyi 210 2014-03-08
106 Sports Idioms in English chanyi 528 2014-03-08
105 Comparing: funner vs faster or more fun vs more fast? chanyi 482 2014-02-28
104 Confused Words - LIVE and LIVE chanyi 212 2014-02-24
103 Listening Comprehension - Learn English with dirty jokes chanyi 212 2014-02-23
102 English Vocabulary - First name? Given name? Forename? What's your name? chanyi 267 2014-02-23
101 Vocabulary - Beside and Besides chanyi 271 2014-02-23
본 사이트에서는 회원분들의 게시된 이메일 주소가 무단으로 수집되는 것을 거부합니다. 게시된 정보 및 게시물의 저작권과 기타 법적 책임은 자료제공자에게 있습니다. 이메일 / 네이트온 Copyright © 2001 - 2019 All Right Reserved.
커뮤니티new학생의방교사의 방new comment일반영어진로와 진학영어회화