| 42. 자동사 / 타동사의 선택|
먼저 ppt로 되어있는 설명을 보자 ==>> 자동사/타동사
타동사는 전치사 없이 목적어를 취한다. (자동사는 자체적으로 목적어를 지니지 않는다) 자동사는 뒤에 전치사 구를 취해서 타동사와 비슷한 의미를 나타낸다.
혼동하기 쉬운 자동사와 타동사
rise - rose - risen raise - raised -raised
오르다, 상승하다(뜨다) ~을 올리다
lie - lay - lain lay - laid - laid
자, 놓여있다, 눕다 타, ~을 놓다, 눕히다
(lie - lied - lied : 거짓말 하다)
sit - sat - sat seat - seated - seated
자, 앉다 타, ~을 앉히다
(타, ~을 쓰러뜨리다) (자, 떨어지다)
(자, 발생하다) (타, ~을 불러일으키다)
wait-waited-waited await- awaited-awaited
(자, 기다리다) (~를 기다리다)
(자, 사라지다) (타, ~를 추방하다)
(타, ~를 찾다) (타, ~을 설립하다)
(타, ~을 감다) (타, ~에 부상을 입히다)
․ The first meeting will take place next Thursday. I hope you will be able to come, and that you will agree to [sit / seat] on the committee.
․ Robert E. Peary, an American explorer, wanted to be the first man to [arrive / reach] the North Pole.
․ Like all other industries, the rose business must [adopt / adapt] to changing conditions in the marketplace.
․She (lay / lays) back against the pillows.
․ As he reached the hill, he saw a wounded Spanish soldier ( lying / laying ) on the ground.
․ They created ads in which affectionate wives served instant coffee, and then , needless to say, sales ( rose / raised ) suddenly.
․ Liz ( rose / raised ) the important question of who would be in charge.
․At a church-council dinner, my mother and father ( sat / seated ) at the same table as the pastor.
․ Then it lines the cup with straw and (lies / lays) eggs there.
․Most of the world’s major cities (lie / lay) on the banks of rivers.
․Through research, it was (found / founded) that these participants’ habits met the criteria for a psychological disorder, or more specifically, impulse control disorder.
․More than 100 trees ( have fallen / have been felled ) for an hour by lumbering workers.
․ In (A)[short / shortly], the ways Japanese and North Americans (B)[raise / rise] their children show the culture of the two societies.
Matilda had taught herself to read by studying newspapers and magazines that (C) [lay/laid] around the house.